The agreement brought republicans and trade unionists together after decades of political conflict in Northern Ireland The idea of the agreement was to get the two sides to work together in a group called the Northern Ireland Assembly. The Assembly would take some of the decisions taken previously by the British government in London. As a result, Northern Ireland`s policy has not evolved on class lines, as in the rest of the United Kingdom. Instead, Northern Ireland`s policy has focused on the constitutional issue. After the partition of Ireland, the Unionist community generally voted for the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP), which, from 1921 until its abolition in 1972, had permanent control of Northern Ireland`s de decentralised government. Discrimination against the minority, particularly in housing and employment, led in the 1960s to the proliferation of a civil rights movement demanding “British rights” for the nationalist population. However, the civil rights movement had a loyalist reaction and outbursts of violence. Finally, in August 1969, the British government was forced to intervene and send troops to Northern Ireland. You should stay there until 2007. (Note: the GFA does not specify the ceasefire regime. This does not mean that the ceasefire was not part of the agreement. Before the start of the peace negotiations that led to the agreement, the Irish Republican Army (IRA) announced a ceasefire on 19 July 19971.
The IRA`s commitment to a ceasefire was crucial to the opening of peace talks. And as soon as the moderate leader of the union, David Trimble, who was the chairman of the main Protestant party in Northern Ireland, was persuaded by British Prime Minister Tony Blair not to vote against the government`s proposals on arms dismantling during the Northern Ireland talks, the negotiation process continued.) The vague wording of some so-called “constructive ambiguities” helped ensure the adoption of the agreement and delayed debate on some of the most controversial issues. These include extra-military dismantling, police reform and the standardisation of Northern Ireland. Promoting inter-ethnic cooperation and strengthening relations between Northern Ireland and Great Britain, provisions for inter-community voting on the election of the first and deputy first ministers, allocation of ministerial posts between parties on the basis of the proportional voting method, legislation proving the guarantee of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) and any bill ofights for Northern Ireland , creation of the Commission on Human Rights , The Equality Commission and the creation of an advisory forum for the equality of citizens are provided for in the Good Friday Agreement. Shortly after her election in 1993, Clinton appointed Democratic Senator George Mitchell as the U.S. Special Envoy for Northern Ireland. It would give its name to the “Mitchell Principles” that led the negotiations and played a key role in securing an agreement. Liam Kennedy explains. This conference takes the form of regular and frequent meetings between The British and Irish ministers to promote cooperation between the two governments at all levels.
On issues not left to Northern Ireland, the Irish government can present views and proposals. All decisions of the Conference are taken by mutual agreement between the two governments and the two governments, in order to make resolute efforts to resolve the differences between them. 19. The Executive Committee will provide a forum for discussion and agreement on issues that overlap with the jurisdiction of two or more ministers, give priority to executive and legislative proposals and, if necessary, recommend a common position (e.g.B.