In these circumstances, it is desirable that the authorities of Norway, Iceland, Switzerland and Liechtenstein, on the one hand, and the Republic of Montenegro, on the other, immediately conclude bilateral agreements on the measures implemented by the European Border and Coast Guard Agency of the Republic of Montenegro under conditions similar to those provided for in this agreement. The Commission believes that the objectives set by the Council in its negotiating directives have been achieved and that the status agreement is acceptable to the Union. Article 54, paragraph 3, of the European Parliament and Council 2016/1624 Regulation (EU) 2016 and the Council of 14 September 2016 relating to the European Border and Coast Guard Corps 1 provides that the European Border and Coast Guard Agency can coordinate operational cooperation between Member States and third countries in the management of external borders. In this regard, it may, subject to the agreement of that neighbouring country, implement measures at the external borders, including on the territory of that third country, involving one or more Member States and a third country bordering at least one of these Member States. Given the speed with which organised crime networks are adapting the channels and methods of trafficking irregular migrants, it is necessary to involve the EU in order to improve controls at Montenegro`s borders. The status agreement is necessary to enable the competent authorities of Montenegro and the EU Member States, coordinated by the European Border and Coast Guard Agency, to react quickly to these possible developments. It will allow European border and coastguard teams to be sent by the European Border and Coast Guard Agency to Montenegro in the event of a sudden influx of irregular migrants. With the exception of Kosovo, Frontex also intends to conduct operations in all other third countries of the Western Balkans. On 19 November 2019, the European Commission and the Belgrade government signed a status agreement with Serbia.
After approval by the Council of the European Union on 26 May 2020, implementation is “in preparation,” according to the Federal Ministry of the Interior. The status agreement with Northern Macedonia has been negotiated but has not yet been signed. Negotiations with Bosnia and Herzegovina will continue. The European Commission recommended Montenegro as a candidate country for accession on 9 November 2010. This candidate status was officially granted on December 17, 2010.  (7) The Status Agreement should therefore be approved on behalf of the European Union and no impact assessment was required for the negotiation of the status agreement. 4. The agreement may be denounced or suspended by written agreement between the parties or unilaterally by one of the parties. In the latter case, the contracting party wishing to terminate or suspend the latter informs the other party in writing through diplomatic channels. The termination takes effect on the first day of the second month following the notification.
This proposal is in line with Article 218, paragraph 6, point a), of the TFUE, which provides for the adoption by the Council of decisions on international agreements, after the european Parliament`s compliant opinion.